Friday, September 18, 2015

HISTORY OF GLASS

The ancient Roman historian Pliny suggested that Phoenician merchants had made the first glass the region of Syria around 5000BC. But according to the archaeological evidence, the first man made glass was in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt around 3500BC and the first glass vessels were made about 1500BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia. For the next 300 years, the glass industry was increased rapidly and then declined. In Mesopotamia it was revived in the 700BC and in Egypt in the 500’s BC. For the next 500 years, Egypt, Syria and the other countries along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea were centers for glass manufacturing. 
In the beginning it was very hard and slow to manufacture glass. Glass melting furnaces were small and the heat they produced was hardly enough to melt glass. But in the 1st century BC, Syrian craftsmen invented the blow pipe. This revolutionary discovery made glass production easier, faster and cheaper. Glass production flourished in the Roman Empire and spread from Italy to all countries under its rule. In 1000 AD the Egyptian city of Alexandria was the most important center of glass manufacture. Throughout Europe the miraculous art of making stained glass on churches and cathedrals across the continent reached its height in the finest Chatres and Canterbury cathedral windows produced in the 13th and 14th centuries.

Glass Making History
The history of glass making can be traced back to 3000 BCE in Mesopotamia. Glass appears to have been produced as far back as 1500 BC by the Egyptians and perhaps the Phoenicians. Glass uses and manufacturing developments have gone through an interesting evolution throughout human history, influenced by many cultures including those in Africa, China and Europe.
Stained Glass History
The beginning of stained glass windows dates back in ancient times. Both the Egyptians and the Romans manufactured small colored glass objects. Stained glass became art form sometime in the fourth century when Christian began to build elaborate churches to celebrate their religion.
Glass Blowing History
Glassblowing was invented during the 1st century BC by the glass makers of Syria. This revolutionary technique made glass production easier and quickly. As it became well known, different cultures, religious, and regions adapted it for unique purposes and glass blowing quickly became a favorite glass made method.
Glass Timeline
The earliest known man made glass is in the form of Egyptian beads and date back to 3100 BC. The first glass was produced probably in Egypt in 1500BC. Technique of glass blowing was introduced in the Babylon area in 1AD.
Safety glass

Safety glass was invented by a French scientist, Edouard Benedictus, in 1903

1 comment:

  1. These furnaces are mainly natural gas-fired, but there are a small number of electrically-powered furnaces. Glass bottle Manufacturers

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